What is type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes occurs when the body attacks its own insulin producing cells that are located within the pancreas. Insulin is the hormone that takes glucose (sugar) out of the bloodstream and transports it into muscle and fat cells where it can be stored for usage as energy.
Can type 1 diabetes be prevented?
There is no way to prevent type 1 diabetes, and there is no known specific cause for type 1 diabetes.
I am taking my insulin as my doctor told me, but my blood sugars are bouncing from 40 to 400. Am I doing something wrong?
No, absolutely not. For decades, endocrinologists thought that it was possible to normalize glucose with insulin, alone. Over the past two decades, we have now learned that diabetes is more complex. We now know that type 1 diabetes is not only an autoimmune disease where the body attacks its own insulin producing cells in the pancreas, but also involves the entire islet (which house the beta cells) including defective production and release of the hormones: amylin, glucagon, somatostatin, pancreatic polypeptide and islet grehlin.
How many people are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes per year?
Eighty people per day are diagnosed with type 1 diabetes in the US. There are 15,000 children and 15,000 adults diagnosed with type 1 diabetes each year in the United States.
How many people have type 1 diabetes in the US?
There are 3 million people with type 1 diabetes in the US.
How is type 1 diabetes treated?
Unlike some people with type 2 diabetes who use insulin when diabetes oral medication has not been effective at regulating their glucose levels, people with type 1 diabetes, do require insulin. The goal of insulin therapy is to mimic the way the pancreas would produce and distribute its own insulin, if it were able to produce it. The healthy pancreas makes a small amount of insulin 24/7 and releases the correct amount of insulin within 60 seconds of food hitting the stomach, thus most patients with type 1 diabetes are on a basal insulin, which provides insulin all day and all night long and meal time insulin injections.
What is the average age of someone diagnosed with type 1 diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes can be diagnosed at any age however; it is seen most commonly in children and young adults. The fastest rising group of newly diagnosed type 1 patients, are those below the age of 5 years.
Why do I need to monitor my glucose so often?
Many scientific studies have shown that knowing your glucose levels and A1C can better help you achieve your diabetes goals and prevent potential complications associated with diabetes. Over time, too much glucose is in the bloodstream, can result in damage to the blood vessels of the eyes, kidney and nerve endings in the feet. When glucose levels are high, patients may experience increased thirst, urination and blurred vision. The good news is that achieving your A1C, blood pressure and cholesterol goals help avoid diabetes-related complications.
How much does it cost for an individual to manage their diabetes?
Type 1 diabetes accounts for $14.9 Billion in costs per year in the US.